When you take a Bing quiz and then the questions are about Translation, it may be difficult if you are not a student of Biology major, doctor, nurse or any other majors and professions which learn about it. However, here we have some examples of quiz questions about Translation (Biology) that you can study.
Quiz Questions About Translation (Biology)
- What is the process of copying a DNA sequence of gene into a sequence of RNA?
Answer: b. transcription
- What is the transcribing enzyme?
b. DNA polymerase
c. RNA polymerase
d. amino-acyl transferase
Answer: c. RNA polymerase
- Amino acids are joined together into a protein chain by which things from the options below?
a. transfer RNA
b. DNA polymerase
c. hydrogen bonds
d. messenger RNA
Answer: a. transfer RNA
- Proteins have … different amino acids, but DNA and RNA are composed of … different nucleotides.
a. 20, 64
b. 3, 20
c. 4, 20
d. 20, 4
Answer: d. 20, 4
- The base pair rules states that …
a. Replication is semi conservative
b. A pairs with T, G pairs with C
c. DNA is a double helix which held together by hydrogen bonds
d. A pairs with G, T pairs with C
Answer: b. A pairs with T, G pairs with C
- If transcription has been completed, what is not necessary for protein synthesis to occur from the options below?
Answer: d. DNA
- What site of the tRNA molecule which binds to the mRNA molecule?
c. amino acid
d. 5 prime end
Answer: a. anticodon
- Okazaki fragments happen on the … and they are bonded together by …
a. leading strand, polymerase
b. mRNA, anticodons
c. lagging strand, ligase
d. tRNA, polymerase
Answer: c. lagging strand, ligase
- The number of different codons which are possible are …
d. an infinite number
Answer: c. 64
- What is the translation?
a. the process where DNA is formed on DNA template
b. the process where DNA is formed on RNA template
c. the process of where RNA is formed on DNA template
d. the process of where protein is formed on RNA template
Answer: d. the process of where protein is formed on RNA template
- There is a form of RNA which has a structure resembling clover leaf. What it is?
Answer: b. tRNA
- What is the thing bound with the anticodon of tRNA?
a. nucleic bases of mRNA
b. codons of tRNA
c. nucleic bases of rRNA
d. amino acid
Answer: a. nucleic bases of mRNA
- The step of translation which does not consume a high energy phosphate bond is …
b. amino acid activation
c. aminoacyl tRNA binding to A site
d. peptidyl transferase reaction
Answer: d. peptidyl transferase reaction
- In what action does enzyme peptidyl transferase help?
a. catalysing bonding between adjacent amino acids
b. transferring amino group from one amino acid to another
c. shifting ribosomes on mRNA
d. removal of tRNA after formation of peptide bond between amino acids
Answer: a. catalysing bonding between adjacent amino acids
- mRNA direct the formation of proteins through a sequence of …
Answer: a. codons
- During elongation of peptide chain in translation, there is the sigma factor. What sigma factor is it?
a. using during the closing of chain
c. retained and it performs special function
d. released to take part again
Answer: d. released to take part again
- Elongation of peptide chain involves all the things below, except…
a. GTP and peptidyl transferase
b. formyl met tRNA
c. EE-Tu; EE-Ts and EF-G factors
Answer: b. formyl met tRNA
- The correct statement from the options below is …
a. mRNA is monocistronic in prokaryotes and eukaryotes
b. mRNA is polycistronic in eukaryotes and prokaryotes
c. mRNA is polycistronic in eukaryotes and monocistronic in prokaryotes
d. mRNA is polycistronic in prokaryotes and monocistronic in eukaryotes
Answer: d. mRNA is polycistronic in prokaryotes and monocistronic in eukaryotes
- Antibiotics which inhabits interaction between tRNA and mRNA during bacterial protein synthesis is …
Answer: d. neomycin
- The anticodon which corresponds to the codon GUA is …
Answer: b. CAU
- The maximum number of amino acids which could be coded for by this sequence is …
Answer: a. 3
- A molecule which has the genetic code is …
Answer: b. mRNA
- Transcription happens along a … template to form an mRNA in the .. direction.
a. 5′ to 3′; 5′ to 3′
b. 5′ to 3′; 3′ to 5′
c. 3′ to 5′; 5′ to 3′
d. 3′ to 5′; 3′ to 5′
Answer: c. 3′ to 5′; 5′ to 3′
- From the options below, which one is the false statement?
a. the genetic code is overlapping
b. the genetic code is universal
c. degenerate codons specify the similar amino acids
d. the genetic code is triplet
Answer: a. the genetic code is overlapping
In biology, translation is defined as the process where ribosomes in the cytoplasm or endoplasmic reticulum synthesize proteins after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the nucleus of the cell. The name of the whole process is gene expression. In translation, messenger RNA namely mRNA is decoded in a ribosome. It is outside the nucleus to be able to generate a specific amino acid chain or polypeptide. Then, the polypeptide folds into an active protein and does its function in the cell.
There are three phases of translation. Those are listed below.
In this phase, the ribosome assembles around the target mRNA and the first tRNA is attached at the start codon.
Here, the last tRNA which is validated by the small ribosomal subunit transfers the amino acid that it brings to the large ribosomal subunit which binds it to the one of the precedingly admitted tRNA. After that, the ribosome will move to the next mRNA codon to be able to continue the process and it creates an amino acid chain.
This is when a stop codon is reached and the ribosome releases the polypeptide.
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